Colorado Court Records
According to the Colorado Open Records Act, Colorado court records are public and are open for inspection and copying to anyone interested. Court records in the state are maintained by the clerks of court or by record custodians from different courts in the state.
Which Colorado Courts Maintain Publicly Accessible Records?
Different courts in Colorado handle different kinds of court records according to their purpose or function. For instance, appellate courts on the first level, or what is more popularly known as the district courts, hear and review every case from county and municipal courts. If there are appeals from the district courts and the state’s administrative agencies, the case will be forwarded to the Court of Appeals.
Below are the most common type of Colorado court records maintained by each type of court in the state:
The Supreme Court hears limited appeals for administrative agencies, civil cases, and criminal. This type of court also holds exclusive hearings and trials for cases involving the death penalty.
Court of Appeals
This type of court hears appeals by right for administrative agencies, civil and criminal cases, and limited interlocutory appeals for civil cases.
The district court hears criminal appeals, felonies, juvenile cases, miscellaneous civil cases, domestic relations like divorce and custody issues, contract issues, probate and estate issues, real property, and tort.
The municipal court hears jury trials for infractions, ordinance and zoning violations, parking, shoplifting, animal control, disturbing the peace, and domestic violence.
The county court hears small claims cases up to $7,000, traffic violations, contract disputes, tort, and real property cases up to $15,000, misdemeanors, felony complaints, and protection orders.
This court hears jury trials relating to support, custody, and adoption cases. They also hear cases for relinquishment, truancy, paternity, juvenile neglect and dependency, and juvenile delinquency.
The probate court hears mental health issues and probate issues, including guardianships, conservatorships, wills, and trusts.
The water court handles the state’s drainage patterns and determines water rights, the proper use and administration of water, and any other matters within their jurisdiction.
What are the Common Public Court Records in Colorado?
Below are the most common Colorado court records available to the public:
Small claims cases
This type of public record involves landlord and tenant disputes, money debts, restrictive covenants, contracts, and property issues.
Civil cases involve legal disputes between two or more parties.
Appeals are legal requests to appeal a lower court’s decision toward a case that is sometimes caused by a legal mistake.
Colorado court records for criminal cases include preliminary district court hearings, pretrial conferences, jury trials, motions, disposition hearings, indictment, booking, bail, advisement, arraignment, and sentencing.
Judgment records detail the outcome of a civil or criminal case filed in court. Such records are binding once the court clerk has created them and will be open for inspection under CORA and the Colorado Criminal Justice Records Act.
Bankruptcy records are fillings of individuals or companies who filed for bankruptcy in the state and their current assets.
Does Colorado Have a Case Search?
The Colorado Judicial Branch has an online court docket where the public can find and search for Colorado court records using the following information:
- Type of court (district or county or both)
- Date ranges
- Case number, including the 4-digit year, case class, and case sequence
- Last name of the party involved or company name
- First name of the party involved
- Attorney bar number
Aside from doing a case search online, the public may also request Colorado court records in person through the record custodians of the respective courts where a case was filed. Otherwise, a quick search using third-party sites is also available, though the information may vary and may be limited.
Counties in Colorado
- Clear Creek
- El Paso
- Kit Carson
- La Plata
- Las Animas
- Rio Blanco
- Rio Grande
- San Juan
- San Miguel
Courts in Colorado
List of Content
- Which Colorado Courts Maintain Publicly Accessible Records?
- What are the Common Public Court Records in Colorado?
- Does Colorado Have a Case Search?